Motivational Interviewing (MI)
Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a person-centered, directive approach created by William R. Miller (1947-), applied initially during 18 sessions, to help clients who misused alcohol (Prochaska & Norcross, 2014).
Currently, this method is used in several mental health disorders such as anxiety, depression, post traumatic stress disorder, eating disorders and addictions, in early stages of the treatment in order to encourage client's motivation for change, to reduce client's ambivalence and resistance (Prochaska & Norcross, 2014).
This method is a collaborative relationship between client and therapist which requires a warm and empathic therapeutic relationship, as well as goals setting, reflective listening, open questions, summarizing and affirmation skills (Prochaska & Norcross, 2014).
Four principles of MI:
PACFA Reg. Provisional 25212
Prochaska, J. O, Norcross, J. C. (2014). Systems of psychotherapy: A transtheoretical analysis. Belmont, CA: