Difference between Eclecticism and Integration in Psychotherapy
The National Institute of Mental Health Workshop have postulated the differences between integration and eclecticism (Norcross & Prochasca, 2014):
Technical eclecticism utilizes procedures from different sources that has worked best in the past for people with similar problems, without consider theories or techniques (Lazarus, 1989). This method has acquired a negative connotation for being disorganized, with no rationale or empirical verification (Lazarus, 1989).
Theoretical Integration utilizes two or more psychotherapy systems and their techniques which were proved to be effective along many years of research and clinical experience (Norcross & Prochasca, 2014).
Norcross and Prochaska (1977) identified the most common combinations of psychotherapies: Behavioral and Cognitive, Cognitive and Humanistic, Cognitive and Psychoanalytic, Cognitive and Interpersonal, Cognitive and Systems, Humanistic and Interpersonal, Interpersonal and Systems, Psychoanalytic and Systems, Interpersonal and Psychoanalytic, Behavioral and Interpersonal, Behavioral and Systems, Humanistic and Psychoanalytic, Behavioral and Humanistic, Behavioral and Psychoanalytic.
The theories are combined with the “goal of creating a theoretical framework which synthesizes the best elements of two or more approaches to therapy” (Norcross & Prochasca, 2014).
Mrs Glaucia Barbosa,
PACFA Reg. Provisional 25212
Prochaska, J. O, Norcross, J. C. (2014). Systems of psychotherapy: A transtheoretical analysis. Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole. Cengage Learning.
Lazarus, A. A. (1989). The practice of multimodal therapy. Baltimore: John Hopkins-University Press.