Family Therapy is defined as a group of psychotherapies applied to families and couples in order to promote change in the interactions within the family system (Nichols, 2014). The family therapists do not treat individuals in isolation, instead, they treat family relationships (Winek, 2010). They understand the manifestation of behaviours and symptoms as a consequence of the family dynamic processes, which is also part of a social context (Winek, 2010). From the systemic point of view, family is an unique system sharing a number of common factors such as identity, history, race, values, religion, education level, and social-economic status (Goldenberg, 2013). The theories employed in family therapy guide the therapists in how to comprehend thoughts, behaviours, emotions and relationships among the family members, as well as clarify what specific patterns require change (Gehart, 2014). Each theory encompasses a number of techniques that are used to, ultimately, promote structural changes in the family (Griffin, 2013). Some of the Sistemic therapies are: Communication/Strategic Therapy, Structural Therapy, and Bowen Family Systems Therapy.
Mrs Glaucia Barbosa,
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Gehart, D. R. (2014). Mastering competencies in family therapy: A practical approach to theories and clinical case documentation. Belmont, Calif.: Brooks/Cole, Cengage Learning.
Goldenberg, I.,Goldenberg, H. (2013). Family therapy: An overview. Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole.
Griffim,W. A. (1995). Family therapy: Fundamentals of theory and practice. USA: Lybrary of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data.
Nichols, M. P. (2014). Just the facts101. Textbook key facts. E-Study Guide for: Family therapy: Concepts and methods. Content technologies, Inc.e/SBN: 9781478445555. Ed 10. 1-6
Winek, J.L. (2010). Systemic family therapy. From theory to practice. USA: Sage Publications, Inc.