Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a disorder described by the presence of intrusive thoughts, obsessions and behaviours compulsively performed in order to reduce the anxiety caused by the intrusive thoughts (Hyman & Pedrick, 2010).
take more than 1 hour per day) or cause clinically significant
distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other
important areas of functioning.
3. The obsessive-compulsive symptoms are not attributable to
the physiological effects of a substance (e.g., a drug of
abuse, a medication) or another medical condition.
4. The disturbance is not better explained by the symptoms of
another mental disorder (e.g., excessive worries, as in
generalized anxiety disorder; preoccupation with
appearance, as in body dysmorphic disorder; difficulty
discarding or parting with possessions, as in hoarding
disorder; hair pulling, as in trichotillomania [hair-pulling
disorder]; skin picking, as in excoriation [skin-picking]
disorder; stereotypies, as in stereotypic movement disorder;
ritualized eating behavior, as in eating disorders;
preoccupation with substances or gambling, as in
substance-related and addictive disorders; preoccupation
with having an illness, as in illness anxiety disorder; sexual
urges or fantasies, as in paraphilic disorders; impulses, as in
disruptive, impulse-control, and conduct disorders; guilty
ruminations, as in major depressive disorder; thought
insertion or delusional preoccupations, as in schizophrenia
spectrum and other psychotic disorders; or repetitive patterns
of behavior, as in autism spectrum disorder).
PACFA Reg. Provisional 25212
First, M. B. (2014). DSM-5 handbook of differential diagnosis. Trauma- and Stressor-Related Disorders, (309.81-F43.10). Arlington, Va: American Psychiatric Publishing. DOI: 10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596.991543
Hyman, B.M., & Pedrick, Cherry. (2010). The OCD Workbook -Your Guide to Breaking Free from Obsessive Compulsive Disorder. Oakland-Canada: New Harbinger Publications, Inc.